coffee arabica vs. robusta

Arabica Vs. Robusta and the Basic Differences between Both Variants

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If you are into coffee so much, you want to know the basic and general difference of Arabica Vs. Robusta. But if you don’t, you may think that the two variants are the same. Well, they aren’t. In fact, they are completely different – in basic characteristics and also taste.

Arabica Vs. RobustaWhat’s the Difference?

If you want to know your coffee well, it is better to make an educated research about the different types of variants.

Taste and Flavor

You should know that different coffee variant will result in different taste and flavor. Some variants are known for their fruity flavor while the others are known for their nutty taste. Which one is better? Nothing, really! When it comes to taste, it depends on your personal preference and like. And when we are talking about personal preference, there is no right or wrong. All flavors are acceptable so there shouldn’t be any judgment about it.


In the case of Arabica vs. Robusta, the taste between the two variants is completely different. Robusta has this unique grain like – almost to the point of natural oatmeal taste – that is pretty unique and noticeable. When the coffee bean isn’t being roasted, the smell will be somewhat peanut-y. It has this distinctive nutty smell. If you like peanut aftertaste and grain overtone, you will find Robusta more favorable.

Moreover, in terms of quality, Robusta is often considered less qualified when compared to the Arabica. With the harsh taste, the variant is known as the ‘standard’ type. But it doesn’t mean that all Arabica are all lousy and bad. Some of them are known for their high-quality product, especially when they are included in espresso making. They are known for good cream mix and the deep flavor.


What about the Arabica, anyway? When compared to the Robusta, the taste for Arabica is more ranging and various. Depending on the type of varieties you choose, the flavor can be tangy and sharp or soft sweet. Again, it depends on your personal preference of what kind of coffee you would like to have. But if you have a wide flavor preference, this Arabica type can be your best pick.

When the Arabica bean isn’t roasted, they have this nice blueberry smell. But when roasted, you can take the hint of the sugary and fruity note. It is completely fresh and nice. In most cases, people claim that this variant has a softer and sweeter flavor with a slight hint of berry, fruity, and sugary. When compared to the Robusta, its acidity level is higher. So, if you like the taste of acid and ranges tone of fruity and sugary tone, this one will be the perfect pick.

Manufacture and Growing Environment

These two variants are different from the matter of growing condition. In terms of Arabica vs. Robusta, Robusta needs to be grown at low altitudes – around 200 to 800 meters above the sea levels. This variant is quite prone to pest damage so they require a more careful production.

Moreover, it doesn’t take a lot of production cost and they have a finished product within an acre. When compared to the Arabica, Robusta is said to be easier to grow. Not to mention that they produce more yield than the Arabica.

The Arabica, on the other hand, requires a subtropical climate because they are more fragile. This is the sophisticated variant that requires more careful handle. If you want to have a successful crop, the beans have to grow in a cool environment. The beans need more shade, sun, fertile soil, and also moisture.

Although the bean needs a cool environment, it can’t be too cool or the beans will be damaged. Poor maintenance and handle will also be responsible for the damage or low quality of the beans. This bean requires higher altitude for the manufacture, around 600 meters to 2000 meters.

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You can easily find Robusta on the eastern side of the hemisphere, especially in Indonesia and Africa. You can also find Arabica in Africa, but they are quite dominant in Latin America. Columbia, for instance, only makes Arabica while India and Brazil can produce both variants.

Caffeine Level

Why would you drink coffee, anyway? It’s for the boost of energy and the caffeine, right? After all, most people would drink coffee not only because of the taste but also because of the energy kick it is able to deliver.

Robusta is claimed to have higher caffeine level so you should go with it if you need an instant boost in the morning. When compared to the Robusta, Arabica has less caffeine content – perfect for those who are into decaf flavor and for those who don’t want to have too much caffeine. Some people, after all, prefer the low caffeine level (again, it is a matter of personal preference) than those with high caffeine content.

Lipid and Sugary Contents

If you are one of the sweet tooth crowd, then Arabica will be right up your alley. In the comparison of Arabica vs. Robusta, Arabica has twice the sugary contents – leading to it having more lipid content up to 60%. If you want to avoid some medical concerns, it would be best to avoid using excessive sugar. After all, the Arabica is already naturally sweet so there is no need to add extra sugar to it.

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Arabica vs. Robusta, Conclusion

In the overall end, the price for Robusta is definitely lower than the Arabica. If you find the inexpensive and instant coffee (including the ground types), you can be sure that it is the Robusta. Both of the variants have their own nutritional benefits so you can enjoy the healthy perks.

Both of them contain different levels of antioxidants that can be used to combat the free radicals. The key is to have a moderation in your consumption. Consuming too much coffee with too much creamer or sugar will be bad for your health.

Now that you have understood the basic difference between Robusta and Arabica, it goes back to your personal preference and like. Which variant do you like in comparison to Arabica vs. Robusta?

See also: How Many Calories in Coffee?